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Name
Smoking
Short/Other Names

Percentage of Population Who Report Current Smoking

Description
The percentage of the population age 12 and older who reported being current cigarette smokers, on either a daily or occasional basis
Interpretation
Low results are desirable.
HSP Framework Dimension

Social Determinants of Health: Biological, material, psychosocial and behavioural factors

Areas of Need

Not applicable

Geographic Coverage

All provinces/territories

Reporting Level/Disaggregation

National, Province/Territory, Region

Indicator Results

Accessing Indicator Results on Your Health System: In Depth

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<div role="button" class="expandableTitle" aria-controls="identifyingInfoRegion">Identifying Information</div>
Name
Smoking
Short/Other Names

Percentage of Population Who Report Current Smoking


<div role="button" class="expandableTitle" aria-controls="descAndCalRegion">Indicator Description and Calculation</div>
Description
The percentage of the population age 12 and older who reported being current cigarette smokers, on either a daily or occasional basis
Calculation: Description

Population age 12 and older who reported current smoking, either daily or occasionally, divided by the number of survey respondents

Population estimates are based on weighted survey responses to reflect the total population.

Calculation: Geographic Assignment

Place of residence

Calculation: Type of Measurement

Percentage or proportion

Calculation: Adjustment Applied

None

Calculation: Method of Adjustment

Not applicable

Denominator

Description:
Population age 12 and older (based on weighted survey responses)
Exclusions:
Non-response categories (refusal, don’t know and not stated) are excluded as of 2009.

Numerator

Description:
Population age 12 and older who reported being a current smoker, either daily or occasionally (based on weighted survey responses)


<div role="button" class="expandableTitle" aria-controls="backgroundRegion">Background, Interpretation and Benchmarks</div>
Rationale

Smoking is a leading cause of premature morbidity and mortality in Canada. It is a risk factor for conditions such as lung and other cancers, heart disease, stroke and chronic respiratory disease. According to the World Health Organization, smoking is an important and preventable cause of death.

Interpretation

Low results are desirable.

HSP Framework Dimension

Social Determinants of Health: Biological, material, psychosocial and behavioural factors

Areas of Need

Not applicable

Targets/Benchmarks

Not applicable

References

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development. OECD Factbook 2014: Economic, Environmental and Social Statistics. http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/sites/factbook-2014-100-en/index.html?contentType=&itemId=%2Fcontent%2Fchapter%2Ffactbook-2014-100-en&mimeType=text%2Fhtml&containerItemId=%2Fcontent%2Fserial%2F18147364&accessItemIds=. Accessed September 13, 2016.

Shields M. The journey to quitting smoking. Health Reports. 2005;16(3):19-35. http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/82-003-x/2004003/article/7839-eng.pdf. Accessed September 13, 2016.

Statistics Canada. Canadian Community Health Survey - Annual Component (CCHS). http://www23.statcan.gc.ca/imdb/p2SV.pl?Function=getSurvey&lang=en&db=imdb&adm=8&dis=2&SDDS=3226. Updated November 27, 2012. Accessed September 13, 2016.

St-Pierre M, Béland Y. Mode effects in the Canadian Community Health Survey: A Comparison of CAPI and CATI. 2004 Proceedings of the American Statistical Association Meeting. 2004. Toronto, ON, American Statistical Association.


<div role="button" class="expandableTitle" aria-controls="availabilityRegion">Availability of Data Sources and Results</div>
Data Sources

CCHS, Statistics Canada

Available Data Years

Type of Year:
Calendar
First Available Year:
2003
Last Available Year:
2014

Geographic Coverage

All provinces/territories

Reporting Level/Disaggregation

National, Province/Territory, Region


<div role="button" class="expandableTitle" aria-controls="resultRegion">Result Updates</div>
Update Frequency

Every year

Indicator Results

Web Tool:
Your Health System: In Depth
URL:
Accessing Indicator Results on Your Health System: In Depth

Updates

Not applicable


<div role="button" class="expandableTitle" aria-controls="qualityRegion">Quality Statement</div>
Caveats and Limitations

This indicator does not take into account the number of cigarettes smoked.

Regional-level results for Nova Scotia are not available. In 2014, the Health Authorities Act passed by the Nova Scotia legislature consolidated the 10 district health authorities into 2 (1 provincial health authority with 4 management zones, and the IWK Health Centre). Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) data was not available for the new health authority boundaries.

The data year reflects the CCHS survey cycle. Prior to 2007, data for the CCHS was collected every 2 years, involving a sample of 130,000 respondents. In 2007, the survey transitioned to a yearly collection cycle, involving a sample of 65,000 respondents.

Some values have data quality flags that indicate "use with caution" or "suppressed" due to high coefficients of variation: health regions with small populations and results disaggregated by age group or sex within small regions.

The 2-year combined data has higher precision (less variability) than annual estimates. Users should refer to the annual CANSIM Table 105-0501 as the source for 2014 yearly CCHS estimates, as well as to obtain data from previous years. However, where data quality flags indicate suppression (F) or higher variability (E), the 2-year CANSIM Table 105-0502 should be used. Self-reported data is subject to bias.

The CCHS covers the population age 12 and older living in the 10 provinces and 3 territories. Excluded from the survey's coverage are

– Persons living on reserves and other Aboriginal settlements in the provinces

– Full-time members of the Canadian Forces

– The population of institutionalized persons

– Persons living in 2 Quebec health regions: Nunavik Health Region and Terres-Cries-de-la-Baie-James Health Region

Altogether, these exclusions represent less than 3% of the target population.

In the North, the frame for the CCHS covers 92% of the target population in Yukon, 96% in the Northwest Territories and 92% in Nunavut. Before 2013, coverage in Nunavut was 71%.

Trending Issues

Not applicable

Comments

An age-standardized estimate is also reported for the provinces/territories (using the direct method, standard Canadian population 1996) in CANSIM Table 105-0503.

Indicator results are also available on

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