Healthy child development is an important determinant of health and well-being in later life. It is the outcome of available services and supports for families, effective parenting, as well as the social and economic circumstances in which children live and grow up, such as their housing, neighbourhood and community environment; family income and parents' level of education; and access to nutritious foods and physical recreation.
Child development can be assessed at age 5 with the EDI. The EDI was developed to provide a feasible, acceptable and psychometrically sound measuring instrument that assesses developmental health of children at the senior kindergarten level, that is, just before entering Grade 1. The instrument has been designed to provide information for groups of children to
1) Report on populations of children in different communities
2) Assess the strengths and deficits of students
3) Predict how children will do in elementary school