Name Physical Activity During Leisure Time
Short/Other Names

Not applicable

Description

The percentage and number of persons age 12 and older who report being physically active to moderately active during their leisure time in the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS)

Physical activity is measured based on responses to questions about the frequency, nature and duration of participation in leisure time physical activity in the last three months by the population age 12 and older.

Interpretation High results are desirable.
HSP Framework Dimension

Social Determinants of Health: Biological, material, psychosocial and behavioural factors

Areas of Need

Not applicable

Geographic Coverage

All provinces/territories

Reporting Level/Disaggregation

National, Province/Territory, Region

Latest Result Update Date

2014-09

Indicator Results

Accessing Indicator Results on Your Health System: In Depth

Identifying Information
Name Physical Activity During Leisure Time
Short/Other Names

Not applicable

Indicator Description and Calculation
Description

The percentage and number of persons age 12 and older who report being physically active to moderately active during their leisure time in the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS)

Physical activity is measured based on responses to questions about the frequency, nature and duration of participation in leisure time physical activity in the last three months by the population age 12 and older.

Calculation: Description

For each leisure-time physical activity reported, average daily energy expenditure is calculated by multiplying the number of times the activity was performed by the average duration of the activity by the energy cost (kilocalories per kilogram of body weight per hour). The index is calculated as the sum of the average daily energy expenditures of all activities. Respondents are then classified based on the index score, as follows:

1. Physically active: 3.0 kcal/kg/day or more

2. Moderately active: 1.5 to 2.9 kcal/kg/day

3. Inactive: Less than 1.5 kcal/day

Calculation: Geographic Assignment

Place of residence

Calculation: Type of Measurement

Percentage or proportion

Calculation: Adjustment Applied

None

Calculation: Method of Adjustment

Not applicable

Denominator

Description:
Survey respondents age 12 and older who reported a level of physical activity
Exclusions:
Non-response categories (refusal, don't know and not stated) are excluded as of 2009.

Numerator

Description:
Population age 12 and older who reported a level of active or moderately active physical activity, based on their responses to questions about the nature, frequency and duration of their participation in leisure-time physical activity

Background, Interpretation and Benchmarks
Rationale

The health benefits of physical activity include a reduced risk of ill health and premature death. In particular, studies have found that physical activity reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease, some types of cancer, osteoporosis, diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, depression, stress and anxiety, and prolongs independence in those who are older. The economic impact of physical inactivity can be substantial. A 10% reduction in the prevalence of physical inactivity has the potential to reduce direct health care expenditures by $150 million a year.

Monitoring trends in prevalence of physical activity is important for understanding population health risks and for planning and evaluating policies and programs for the promotion of physical activity. The Active 2010 strategy is just one example of a multi-faceted approach by the Ontario government that involves government leadership and stakeholder participation in order to continue development of amateur sport and increase physical activity rates within the province.

Interpretation

High results are desirable.

HSP Framework Dimension

Social Determinants of Health: Biological, material, psychosocial and behavioural factors

Areas of Need

Not applicable

Targets/Benchmarks

Not applicable

References

Chen J, Millar WJ. Starting and sustaining physical activity. Health Reports (Statistics Canada, Catalogue 82-003) 2001;12(4):33-43.
Katzmarzyk PT, Janssen I. The economic costs associated with physical inactivity and obesity in Canada: an update. Can J Appl Physiol. 2004; 29(1), 90-115

Statistics Canada. Health Trends. Statistics Canada Catalogue No. 82-213-XWE. Released December 12, 2013. http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/health-sante/82-213/index.cfm?Lang=ENG Accessed January 31, 2014.

Statistics Canada. Physical Activity During Leisure Time, 2011. Available at http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/82-625-x/2012001/article/11667-eng.htm . Accessed January 31, 2014

Public Health Agency of Canada. Physical Activity. Available at http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/hp-ps/hl-mvs/pa-ap/index-eng.php. Accessed January 31, 2014

Availability of Data Sources and Results
Data Sources

CCHS, Statistics Canada

Available Data Years

Type of Year:
Calendar
First Available Year:
2003
Last Available Year:
2013

Geographic Coverage

All provinces/territories

Reporting Level/Disaggregation

National, Province/Territory, Region

Result Updates
Update Frequency

Every year

Latest Result Update Date

2014-09

Indicator Results

Web Tool:
Your Health System: In Depth
URL:
Accessing Indicator Results on Your Health System: In Depth

Updates

Not applicable

Quality Statement
Caveats and Limitations

Some values have data quality flags that indicate "use with caution" or "suppressed" due to high coefficients of variation: health regions with small populations and results disaggregated by age group or sex within small regions.

The two-year combined data is less current than annual estimates but has higher precision (less variability). Users should refer to the annual CANSIM Table 105-0501 as the primary source for the most current estimates from the CCHS as well as to obtain data from previous years. However, where data quality flags indicate suppression (F) or higher variability (E), the two-year CANSIM Table 105-0502 should be used. Self-reported data is subject to bias.

The CCHS covers the population age 12 and older living in the 10 provinces and 3 territories. Excluded from the survey's coverage are the following:

–Persons living on reserves and other Aboriginal settlements in the provinces

–Full-time members of the Canadian Forces

–The population of institutionalized persons

–Persons living in two Quebec health regions: Nunavik Health Region and Terres-Cries-de-la-Baie-James Health Region

In Nunavut, coverage is limited to the 10 largest communities, which represent about 70% of Nunavut's population.

Altogether, these exclusions represent less than 3% of the target population.

Trending Issues

Data for this indicator is not available for 2004 and 2006 reference periods.

In June 2014, there will be some major changes to the physical activities module that will effectively preclude a time series with data before 2015.

Comments

Not applicable