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Indicator Metadata

NamePerceived Health
Short/Other Names

Not applicable

DescriptionThis indicator measures the percentage of the population age 12 and older who report their health to be excellent or very good. Self-rated health is measured on a scale from excellent to poor.
InterpretationA higher percentage of people reporting excellent or very good health is desirable.
HSP Framework Dimension

Health System Outcomes: Improve health status of Canadians

Areas of Need

Not applicable

Geographic Coverage

All provinces/territories

Reporting Level/Disaggregation

National, Province/Territory, Region

Indicator Results

Accessing Indicator Results on Your Health System: In Depth

Identifying Information
NamePerceived Health
Short/Other Names

Not applicable

Indicator Description and Calculation
DescriptionThis indicator measures the percentage of the population age 12 and older who report their health to be excellent or very good. Self-rated health is measured on a scale from excellent to poor.
Calculation: Description

Population age 12 and older rating their health as excellent or very good, divided by the total number of survey respondents

Population estimates are based on weighted survey responses to reflect the total population.

Calculation: Geographic Assignment

Place of residence

Calculation: Type of Measurement

Percentage or proportion

Calculation: Adjustment Applied

None

Calculation: Method of Adjustment

Not applicable

Denominator

Description:
Population age 12 and older who reported on self-rated health by rating their health as excellent, very good, good, fair or poor (based on weighted survey responses)
Exclusions:
Non-response categories (refusal, don’t know and not stated) are excluded as of 2009.

Numerator

Description:
Population age 12 and older rating their health as excellent or very good (based on weighted survey responses)

Background, Interpretation and Benchmarks
Rationale

The self-rated health indicator measures an individual's perception of his or her overall health. It refers to a person's health in general—not only the absence of disease or injury but also the presence of physical, mental and social well-being. A predictor of other indicators of health, such as mortality, self-rated health provides a global assessment of health that can complement other self-reported and clinical assessments of health. It may also reflect aspects of health—such as disease severity and undiagnosed disease—that are not captured in the more objective measures of health status, such as mortality.

Good-to-excellent self-reported health status correlates with lower risk of mortality and use of health services. Poor self-reported health status is a good predictor of subsequent illness and premature death.

Interpretation

A higher percentage of people reporting excellent or very good health is desirable.

HSP Framework Dimension

Health System Outcomes: Improve health status of Canadians

Areas of Need

Not applicable

Targets/Benchmarks

Not applicable

References

Ross N. Community belonging and health. Health Reports. 2002.

Statistics Canada. Perceived health, 2014. Accessed January 22, 2018.

Statistics Canada. Canadian Community Health Survey — Annual component (CCHS). Accessed January 22, 2018.

Canadian Research Data Centre Network. The Canadian Community Health Survey: What’s New in the 2015 Cycle? [PPT presentation]. January 25, 2017.

Availability of Data Sources and Results
Data Sources

CCHS, Statistics Canada, Statistics Canada, CANSIM Table 105-0509: Canadian health characteristics, two year period estimates, by age group and sex, Canada, provinces, territories and health regions.

Available Data Years

Type of Year:
Calendar
First Available Year:
2015
Last Available Year:
2016

Geographic Coverage

All provinces/territories

Reporting Level/Disaggregation

National, Province/Territory, Region

Result Updates
Update Frequency

Every year

Indicator Results

Web Tool:
Your Health System: In Depth
URL:
Accessing Indicator Results on Your Health System: In Depth

Updates

Not applicable

Quality Statement
Caveats and Limitations

This indicator is calculated based on 2 years of pooled data from 2015 and 2016.

Data for the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) is collected yearly from a sample of approximately 65,000 respondents. CANSIM Table 105-0509 presents estimates from 2-year combined data and features estimates for all provinces and territories as well as for health regions. The 2-year combined data has higher precision (less variability) than annual estimates; annual CCHS estimates are not available at the health region level.

The CCHS covers the population age 12 and older living in the 10 provinces and 3 territories. Excluded from the survey's coverage are the following:

–Persons living on reserves and other Aboriginal settlements in the provinces

–Full-time members of the Canadian Forces

–Children age 12 to 17 living in foster care

–The population of institutionalized persons

–Persons living in 2 Quebec health regions: Nunavik Region and Terres-Cries-de-la-Baie-James Region

Altogether, these exclusions represent less than 3% of the Canadian population age 12 and older.

Trending Issues

As a result of a redesign in 2015, the CCHS has a new collection strategy and sample design. For this reason, Statistics Canada does not recommend making comparisons with CCHS data from 2001 to 2014.

Comments

Data for Ontario’s local health integration networks and British Columbia’s regional health authorities was received from Statistics Canada through custom tabulation requests:

Source: Statistics Canada. Selected CCHS Indicators for Ontario by Local Health Integration Network, 2015–2016. February 27, 2018. Reproduced and distributed on an "as is" basis with the permission of Statistics Canada.

Source: Statistics Canada. Selected CCHS Indicators for British Columbia by Regional Health Authority, 2015–2016. March 12, 2018. Reproduced and distributed on an "as is" basis with the permission of Statistics Canada.

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