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Indicator Metadata

NamePerceived Health
Short/Other Names

Not applicable

DescriptionThis indicator measures the percentage of the population age 12 and older who report their health to be excellent or very good. Self-rated health is measured on a scale from excellent to poor.
InterpretationA higher percentage of people reporting excellent or very good health is desirable.
HSP Framework Dimension

Health System Outcomes: Improve health status of Canadians

Areas of Need

Not applicable

Geographic Coverage

All provinces/territories

Reporting Level/Disaggregation

National, Province/Territory, Region

Indicator Results

Accessing Indicator Results on Your Health System: In Depth

Identifying Information
NamePerceived Health
Short/Other Names

Not applicable

Indicator Description and Calculation
DescriptionThis indicator measures the percentage of the population age 12 and older who report their health to be excellent or very good. Self-rated health is measured on a scale from excellent to poor.
Calculation: Description

Number of respondents age 12 and older rating their health as excellent or very good, divided by the total number of survey respondents

Population estimates are calculated using survey weights.

Calculation: Geographic Assignment

Place of residence

Calculation: Type of Measurement

Percentage or proportion

Calculation: Adjustment Applied

None

Calculation: Method of Adjustment

Not applicable

Denominator

Description:
Survey respondents age 12 and older who reported on self-rated health by rating their health as excellent, very good, good, fair or poor
Exclusions:
Non-response categories (refusal, don't know and not stated) are excluded as of 2009.

Numerator

Description:
Number of respondents age 12 and older rating their health as excellent or very good.

Background, Interpretation and Benchmarks
Rationale

The self-rated health indicator measures an individual's perception of his or her overall health. It refers to a person's health in general—not only the absence of disease or injury but also the presence of physical, mental and social well-being. A predictor of other indicators of health, such as mortality, self-rated health provides a global assessment of health that can complement other self-reported and clinical assessments of health. It may also reflect aspects of health—such as disease severity and undiagnosed disease—that are not captured in the more objective measures of health status, such as mortality.

Good-to-excellent self-reported health status correlates with lower risk of mortality and use of health services. Poor self-reported health status is a good predictor of subsequent illness and premature death.

Interpretation

A higher percentage of people reporting excellent or very good health is desirable.

HSP Framework Dimension

Health System Outcomes: Improve health status of Canadians

Areas of Need

Not applicable

Targets/Benchmarks

Not applicable

References

Ross N. Community Belonging and Health. Health Reports. Vol. 13, no. 3, 2002 (p.35). Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 82-003. http://www.statcan.gc.ca/studies-etudes/82-003/archive/2002/6105-eng.pdf. Accessed September 13, 2016.

Statistics Canada. Perceived health, 2014. Available at http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/82-625-x/2015001/article/14187-eng.htm. Accessed September 13, 2016.

Availability of Data Sources and Results
Data Sources

CCHS, Statistics Canada

Available Data Years

Type of Year:
Calendar
First Available Year:
2003
Last Available Year:
2014

Geographic Coverage

All provinces/territories

Reporting Level/Disaggregation

National, Province/Territory, Region

Result Updates
Update Frequency

Every year

Indicator Results

Web Tool:
Your Health System: In Depth
URL:
Accessing Indicator Results on Your Health System: In Depth

Updates

Not applicable

Quality Statement
Caveats and Limitations

Regional-level results for Nova Scotia are not available. In 2014, the Health Authorities Act passed by the Nova Scotia legislature consolidated the 10 district health authorities into 2 (1 provincial health authority with 4 management zones, and the IWK Health Centre). Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) data was not available for the new health authority boundaries.

The data year reflects the CCHS survey cycle. Prior to 2007, data for the CCHS was collected every 2 years, involving a sample of 130,000 respondents. In 2007, the survey transitioned to a yearly collection cycle, involving a sample of 65,000 respondents.

Some values have data quality flags that indicate "use with caution" or "suppressed" due to high coefficients of variation: health regions with small populations and results disaggregated by age group or sex within small regions.

The 2-year combined data is less current than annual estimates but has higher precision (less variability). Users should refer to the annual CANSIM Table 105-0501 as the primary source for the most current estimates from the CCHS, as well as to obtain data from previous years. However, where data quality flags indicate suppression (F) or higher variability (E), the 2-year CANSIM Table 105-0502 should be used. Self-reported data is subject to bias.

The CCHS covers the population age 12 and older living in the 10 provinces and 3 territories. Excluded from the survey's coverage are the following:

–Persons living on reserves and other Aboriginal settlements in the provinces

–Full-time members of the Canadian Forces

–The population of institutionalized persons

–Persons living in 2 Quebec health regions: Nunavik Health Region and Terres-Cries-de-la-Baie-James Health Region

Altogether, these exclusions represent less than 3% of the target population.

In the North, the frame for the CCHS covers 92% of the target population in Yukon, 96% in the Northwest Territories and 92% in Nunavut. Before 2013, coverage in Nunavut was 71%.

Trending Issues

Not applicable

Comments

An age-standardized estimate is also reported for the provinces/territories (using the direct method, standard Canadian population 1996) in CANSIM Table 105-0503.

Indicator results are also available on