NameHealthy Child Development at School Entry
Description

The percentage of children who are developing well at school entry as measured by the Early Development Instrument (EDI). The EDI is a kindergarten teacher–completed checklist that consists of 104 questions and measures 5 dimensions of early child development:

1) Physical health and well-being

2) Social knowledge and competence

3) Emotional health/maturity

4) Language and cognitive development

5) General knowledge and communication skills

InterpretationA higher percentage of children showing no vulnerability is a positive indicator of healthy development at age 5.
HSP Framework Dimension

Health System Outcomes: Improve health status of Canadians

Areas of Need

Not Applicable

Geographic Coverage

Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, British Columbia, Yukon, Northwest Territories

Reporting Level/Disaggregation

National, Province/Territory, Region

Latest Result Update Date

11/2013

Indicator Results

http://ourhealthsystem.ca/#!/indicators/013/healthy-child-development

Identifying Information
NameHealthy Child Development at School Entry
Short/Other Names

Healthy Child Development

Indicator Description and Calculation
Description

The percentage of children who are developing well at school entry as measured by the Early Development Instrument (EDI). The EDI is a kindergarten teacher–completed checklist that consists of 104 questions and measures 5 dimensions of early child development:

1) Physical health and well-being

2) Social knowledge and competence

3) Emotional health/maturity

4) Language and cognitive development

5) General knowledge and communication skills

Calculation: DescriptionNumber of children showing no vulnerability on any of the five dimensions divided by the total number of children for whom the EDI was completed (indicator reported based on school year, September to June)
Calculation: Geographic Assignment

Place of residence

Calculation: Type of Measurement

Percentage or proportion

Calculation: Adjustment Applied

None

Calculation: Method of Adjustment

Not Applicable

Denominator

Description:
Total number of children for whom the EDI was completed
Exclusions:
1. Cases that contain invalid EDI results

2. Cases where the child was in the classroom for less than one month, was identified as having special needs or was not in senior kindergarten

Numerator

Description:
The cut-off score used to identify vulnerability on each domain for this indicator was established using the 10th percentile score of the national baseline (this baseline includes 174,799 children from seven provinces over the period 2004–2005 to 2006–2007).

Background, Interpretation and Benchmarks
Rationale

Healthy child development is an important determinant of health and well-being in later life. It is the outcome of available services and supports for families, effective parenting, as well as the social and economic circumstances in which children live and grow up, such as their housing, neighbourhood and community environment; family income and parents' level of education; and access to nutritious foods and physical recreation.

Healthy child development can be assessed at age 5 with the EDI. The EDI was developed to provide a feasible, acceptable and psychometrically sound measuring instrument that assesses school readiness of children at the senior kindergarten level, that is, just before entering Grade 1. The instrument has been designed to provide information for groups of children to

1) Report on populations of children in different communities

2) Assess the strengths and deficits of students

3) Predict how children will do in elementary school

Interpretation

A higher percentage of children showing no vulnerability is a positive indicator of healthy development at age 5.

HSP Framework Dimension

Health System Outcomes: Improve health status of Canadians

Areas of Need

Not Applicable

Targets/Benchmarks

Not Applicable

References

Chief Medical Officer of Health of Ontario. Maintaining the Gains, Moving the Yardstick: Ontario Health Status Report, 2011. 2011 Annual Report of the Chief Medical Officer of Health of Ontario to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario, 2013.

Offord Centre for Child Studies. School readiness to learn (SRL) project. http://www.offordcentre.com/readiness/. Updated 2011. Accessed May 17, 2013.

Availability of Data Sources and Results
Data Sources

EDI

Available Data Years

Type of Year:
School
First Available Year:
2004
Last Available Year:
Ongoing

Geographic Coverage

Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, British Columbia, Yukon, Northwest Territories

Reporting Level/Disaggregation

National, Province/Territory, Region

Result Updates
Update Frequency

The frequency of data collection varies across jurisdictions. For example, in Ontario, the data is collected across the province over a three-year period. The first period of data collection was from 2004 to 2006; the most recent data is from 2010 to 2012. In B.C., data collection is on a two-year cycle.

Latest Result Update Date

11/2013

Indicator Results

Web Tool:
ourhealthsystem.ca
URL: http://ourhealthsystem.ca/#!/indicators/013/healthy-child-development

Updates

Not Applicable

Quality Statement
Caveats and Limitations

To protect confidentiality and to allow for the deduction of meaningful statistics, the Offord Centre for Child Studies suppresses information for units of aggregation that feature EDI results for less than 35 children (when the units are geographic in nature).

Trending Issues

Not Applicable

Comments

Data is reported by school year (September to June); the first year of data is for the 2004–2005 school year.