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Indicator Metadata

NameRegistered Health Care Providers Employed in Direct Care per 100,000 Population, by Type of Professional and Province/Territory
Short/Other Names

Health Care Provider Density by Province/Territory

DescriptionHealth care providers employed in the profession and working in direct care, per 100,000 population, by type of professional and province/territory
Interpretation

A measure of access to health care providers

A low or high ratio may be desirable; interpretations should be evaluated alongside other relevant data (e.g., population need, models of care, mix of health care providers).

HSP Framework Dimension

Health System Inputs and Characteristics: Efficient allocation of resources

Areas of Need

Not applicable

Geographic Coverage

All provinces/territories

Reporting Level/Disaggregation

National, Province/Territory, Region

Indicator Results

https://www.cihi.ca/en/health-workforce

Identifying Information
NameRegistered Health Care Providers Employed in Direct Care per 100,000 Population, by Type of Professional and Province/Territory
Short/Other Names

Health Care Provider Density by Province/Territory

Indicator Description and Calculation
DescriptionHealth care providers employed in the profession and working in direct care, per 100,000 population, by type of professional and province/territory
Calculation: Description

Calculated by dividing the number of registered health care providers working in direct care in each province/territory by population estimates and multiplying by 100,000

(Number of health care providers employed in the profession and working in direct care by province/territory ÷ Population estimate) × 100,000

Unit of Analysis: Service provider per 100,000 population

Calculation: Geographic Assignment

Place of service

Calculation: Type of Measurement

Rate - Rate per 100,000

Calculation: Adjustment Applied

None

Calculation: Method of Adjustment

Not applicable

Denominator

Description:
Total population in a Canadian province/territory
Inclusions:

  • Provincial and territorial population estimates from Statistics Canada
Numerator

Description:
Number of health care providers employed in the profession and working in direct care
Inclusions:

  • Active registered health care providers employed in the profession and working in direct care

Additional inclusion criteria vary by type of professional.

Exclusions:

  • Health care providers not employed in the profession
  • Health care providers employed in education, research and administration
  • Inactive registrants or health care providers who did not register in a Canadian province or territory

Additional exclusion criteria vary by type of professional.

Background, Interpretation and Benchmarks
Rationale

Based on World Health Organization (WHO) National Health Workforce Accounts indicator 1-03: Density of Active Health Workers per 1,000 Population by Cadre and at Subnational Level, this indicator provides information on the density and distribution of health workers. It can support the assessment of health services and resources at the provincial/territorial levels.

Interpretation

A measure of access to health care providers

A low or high ratio may be desirable; interpretations should be evaluated alongside other relevant data (e.g., population need, models of care, mix of health care providers).

HSP Framework Dimension

Health System Inputs and Characteristics: Efficient allocation of resources

Areas of Need

Not applicable

Targets/Benchmarks

WHO: Health worker density and distribution

References

World Health Organization. National Health Workforce Accounts: A Handbook. 2016.

World Health Organization. Global Strategy on Health Resources for Health: Workforce 2030. 2016.

Availability of Data Sources and Results
Data Sources

HWDB, NPDB

Available Data Years

Type of Year:

First Available Year:

Last Available Year:
Ongoing

Geographic Coverage

All provinces/territories

Reporting Level/Disaggregation

National, Province/Territory, Region

Result Updates
Update Frequency

Varies by type of professional

Indicator Results

Web Tool:
Health workforce data tables
URL: https://www.cihi.ca/en/health-workforce

Updates

Not applicable

Quality Statement
Caveats and Limitations

CIHI uses the unit of analysis “per 100,000 population,” which is different from the WHO’s “density per 1,000 population.” Caution should be used when comparing results across countries.

Statistics reported may differ from those reported by other organizations due to differences in data collection and reporting methodologies.

Issues of under- and/or over-coverage may vary by type of professional.

Trending Issues

Population estimates may change over time.

Vary by type of professional

Comments

Please note that the available data years, geographic coverage, reporting level/disaggregation and update frequency vary by type of professional.