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HTML Table
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Name
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Self-Injury Hospitalization
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Short/Other Names
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Not applicable

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Description
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Age-standardized rate of hospitalization in a general hospital due to self-injury, per 100,000 population.

For further details, please see the General Methodology Notes.

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Interpretation
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Lower rates are desirable.

Using the available data sources, capturing intention is difficult. This indicator cannot distinguish whether or not the self-injury was intended to result in death (self-harming or suicidal behaviour). In addition, this indicator might provide biased estimates of the true number of hospitalizations for self-injury, due to the manner in which intent is captured in the data sources available. For example, poisoning can be coded as "unintentional"—an overdose—or "undetermined"—reflecting an uncertainty between unintentional and intentional motives. Neither unintentional nor undetermined injuries were included in this indicator, even though it is assumed that a small number of these cases were, in fact, intentional.

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HSP Framework Dimension
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Health System Outcomes: Improve health status of Canadians

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Areas of Need
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Not applicable

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Geographic Coverage
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All provinces/territories

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Reporting Level/Disaggregation
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National, Province/Territory, Region, Neighbourhood Income Quintile

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Indicator Results
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Accessing Indicator Results on Your Health System: In Depth

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HTML Table
iddescAndCalRegion
Table Row (tr)
Table Cell (td)
Description
Table Cell (td)

Age-standardized rate of hospitalization in a general hospital due to self-injury, per 100,000 population.

For further details, please see the General Methodology Notes.

Table Row (tr)
Table Cell (td)
Calculation: Description
Table Cell (td)
(Total number of discharges for a self-injury for patients age 15 and older ÷ Total mid-year population age 15 and older) × 100,000 (age-adjusted)
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Calculation: Geographic Assignment
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Place of residence

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Calculation: Type of Measurement
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Rate - per 100,000

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Calculation: Adjustment Applied
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Age-adjusted

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Calculation: Method of Adjustment
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Direct Standardization
Standard Population:
Canada 2011

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Denominator
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Description:
Total mid-year population age 15 and older

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Numerator
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Description:
Total number of discharges for a self-injury for patients age 15 and older
Inclusions:
1. Self-injury is identified by the following external cause of injury codes with a diagnosis type of 9: ICD-10-CA X60 to X84
Exclusions:
1. Cases of self-injury involving outpatient treatment in hospital emergency departments or other medical facilities or completed suicide prior to hospital admission

2. Patients who were institutionalized in a psychiatric hospital and were self-injured during their stay but did not require admission to a general hospital

3. Cadaveric donor or stillbirth records (Admission Category Code = R or S)

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HTML Table
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Rationale
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Self-injury is defined as a deliberate bodily injury that may or may not result in death. This type of injury is the result of either suicidal or self-harming behaviours, or both. Self-injury can be prevented, in many cases, by early recognition, intervention and treatment of mental illnesses. While some risk factors for self-injury are beyond the control of the health system, high rates of self-injury hospitalization can be interpreted as the result of a failure of the system to prevent self-injuries that are severe enough to require hospitalization.

Table Row (tr)
Table Cell (td)
Interpretation
Table Cell (td)

Lower rates are desirable.

Using the available data sources, capturing intention is difficult. This indicator cannot distinguish whether or not the self-injury was intended to result in death (self-harming or suicidal behaviour). In addition, this indicator might provide biased estimates of the true number of hospitalizations for self-injury, due to the manner in which intent is captured in the data sources available. For example, poisoning can be coded as "unintentional"—an overdose—or "undetermined"—reflecting an uncertainty between unintentional and intentional motives. Neither unintentional nor undetermined injuries were included in this indicator, even though it is assumed that a small number of these cases were, in fact, intentional.

Table Row (tr)
Table Cell (td)
HSP Framework Dimension
Table Cell (td)

Health System Outcomes: Improve health status of Canadians

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Table Cell (td)
Areas of Need
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Not applicable

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Targets/Benchmarks
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Not applicable

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References
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Canadian Institute for Health Information. National Trauma Registry Analytic Bulletin: Hospitalizations Due to Suicide Attempts and Self-Inflicted Injury in Canada, 2001-2002. Ottawa, ON: CIHI; 2004.

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Data Sources
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DAD, Demography division, Statistics Canada, HMDB, NACRS, OMHRS

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Available Data Years
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Type of Year:
Fiscal
First Available Year:
2011
Last Available Year:
2015

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Geographic Coverage
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All provinces/territories

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Reporting Level/Disaggregation
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National, Province/Territory, Region, Neighbourhood Income Quintile

HTML

<div role="button" class="expandableTitle" aria-controls="resultRegion">Result Updates</div>
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idresultRegion
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Update Frequency
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Every year

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Indicator Results
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Web Tool:
Your Health System: In Depth
URL:
Accessing Indicator Results on Your Health System: In Depth

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Updates
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Not applicable

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