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Indicator Metadata

NamePhysical Activity During Leisure Time
Short/Other Names

Not applicable

Description

The percentage of the population age 12 and older who reported being physically active to moderately active during their leisure time

Physical activity is measured based on responses to questions about the frequency, nature and duration of participation in leisure time physical activity in the last three months by the population age 12 and older.

InterpretationHigh results are desirable.
HSP Framework Dimension

Social Determinants of Health: Biological, material, psychosocial and behavioural factors

Areas of Need

Not applicable

Geographic Coverage

All provinces/territories

Reporting Level/Disaggregation

National, Province/Territory, Region

Indicator Results

Accessing Indicator Results on Your Health System: In Depth

Identifying Information
NamePhysical Activity During Leisure Time
Short/Other Names

Not applicable

Indicator Description and Calculation
Description

The percentage of the population age 12 and older who reported being physically active to moderately active during their leisure time

Physical activity is measured based on responses to questions about the frequency, nature and duration of participation in leisure time physical activity in the last three months by the population age 12 and older.

Calculation: Description

For each leisure-time physical activity reported, average daily energy expenditure is calculated by multiplying the number of times the activity was performed by the average duration of the activity by the energy cost (kilocalories per kilogram of body weight per hour). The index is calculated as the sum of the average daily energy expenditures of all activities. Respondents are then classified based on the index score, as follows:

1. Physically active: 3.0 kcal/kg/day or more

2. Moderately active: 1.5 to 2.9 kcal/kg/day

3. Inactive: Less than 1.5 kcal/kg/day

Population estimates are based on weighted survey responses to reflect the total population.

Calculation: Geographic Assignment

Place of residence

Calculation: Type of Measurement

Percentage or proportion

Calculation: Adjustment Applied

None

Calculation: Method of Adjustment

Not applicable

Denominator

Description:
Population age 12 and older who reported the nature, frequency and duration of their participation in leisure-time physical activity (based on weighted survey responses)
Exclusions:
Non-response categories (refusal, don’t know and not stated) are excluded as of 2009.

Numerator

Description:
Population age 12 and older who reported a level of active or moderately active physical activity, based on their responses to questions about the nature, frequency and duration of their participation in leisure-time physical activity (based on weighted survey responses)

Background, Interpretation and Benchmarks
Rationale

The health benefits of physical activity include a reduced risk of ill health and premature death. In particular, studies have found that physical activity reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease, some types of cancer, osteoporosis, diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, depression, stress and anxiety, and prolongs independence in those who are older. The economic impact of physical inactivity can be substantial. A 10% reduction in the prevalence of physical inactivity has the potential to reduce direct health care expenditures by $150 million a year.

Monitoring trends in prevalence of physical activity is important for understanding population health risks and for planning and evaluating policies and programs for the promotion of physical activity. The Active 2010 strategy is just one example of a multi-faceted approach by the Ontario government that involves government leadership and stakeholder participation in order to continue development of amateur sport and increase physical activity rates within the province.

Interpretation

High results are desirable.

HSP Framework Dimension

Social Determinants of Health: Biological, material, psychosocial and behavioural factors

Areas of Need

Not applicable

Targets/Benchmarks

Not applicable

References

Chen J, Millar WJ. Starting and sustaining physical activity. Health Reports (Statistics Canada, Catalogue 82-003) 2001;12(4):33-43.
Katzmarzyk PT, Janssen I. The economic costs associated with physical inactivity and obesity in Canada: an update. Can J Appl Physiol. 2004; 29(1), 90-115

Statistics Canada. Health Trends. Statistics Canada Catalogue No. 82-213-XWE. Released December 12, 2013. http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/health-sante/82-213/index.cfm?Lang=ENG. Accessed September 16, 2016.

Statistics Canada. Physical Activity During Leisure Time, 2011. Available at http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/82-625-x/2012001/article/11667-eng.htm. Accessed September 16, 2016.

Public Health Agency of Canada. Physical Activity. Available at http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/hp-ps/hl-mvs/pa-ap/index-eng.php. Accessed September 16, 2016.

Availability of Data Sources and Results
Data Sources

CCHS, Statistics Canada

Available Data Years

Type of Year:
Calendar
First Available Year:
2003
Last Available Year:
2014

Geographic Coverage

All provinces/territories

Reporting Level/Disaggregation

National, Province/Territory, Region

Result Updates
Update Frequency

Every year

Indicator Results

Web Tool:
Your Health System: In Depth
URL:
Accessing Indicator Results on Your Health System: In Depth

Updates

Not applicable

Quality Statement
Caveats and Limitations

Regional-level results for Nova Scotia are not available. In 2014, the Health Authorities Act passed by the Nova Scotia legislature consolidated the 10 district health authorities into 2 (1 provincial health authority with 4 management zones, and the IWK Health Centre). Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) data was not available for the new health authority boundaries.

The data year reflects the CCHS survey cycle. Prior to 2007, data for the CCHS was collected every 2 years, involving a sample of 130,000 respondents. In 2007, the survey transitioned to a yearly collection cycle, involving a sample of 65,000 respondents.

Some values have data quality flags that indicate "use with caution" or "suppressed" due to high coefficients of variation: health regions with small populations and results disaggregated by age group or sex within small regions.

The 2-year combined data has higher precision (less variability) than annual estimates. Users should refer to the annual CANSIM Table 105-0501 as the source for 2014 yearly CCHS estimates, as well as to obtain data from previous years. However, where data quality flags indicate suppression (F) or higher variability (E), the 2-year CANSIM Table 105-0502 should be used. Self-reported data is subject to bias.

The CCHS covers the population age 12 and older living in the 10 provinces and 3 territories. Excluded from the survey's coverage are the following:

–Persons living on reserves and other Aboriginal settlements in the provinces

–Full-time members of the Canadian Forces

–The population of institutionalized persons

–Persons living in 2 Quebec health regions: Nunavik Health Region and Terres-Cries-de-la-Baie-James Health Region

Altogether, these exclusions represent less than 3% of the target population.

In the North, the frame for the CCHS covers 92% of the target population in Yukon, 96% in the Northwest Territories and 92% in Nunavut. Before 2013, coverage in Nunavut was 71%.

Trending Issues

Not applicable

Comments

Not applicable